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South West WA Branch/Geoscience Society

October Hybrid Talk - Geo-Archaeology: Correlation between Civilisation & Mining - Live Stream

PD Hours
Why would a geologist do an archaeological webinar on the beginnings of modern civilisation? Join us for this combined Geoscience Society and South West WA Branch live stream and face-to-face event, to learn about the link between stone circles, civilisation and mineralisation!

About this event

My second great interest after geology is archaeology. This research was initiated when I saw a map showing the Standing Stones and Circles (Stonehenge and others) in the British Isles and France in the book by Arthur C Clark: Mysterious World.

I noticed that the pattern of stone circles in the British Isles was a series of arcs, linears and rings. Interesting!? I wondered what they followed and why were they specifically built there?

Was it because of the underlying geology or were they located near old mining areas? Or both?


Landsat and seismic tomography were used to determine the structural geology from the surface to 2,850 km depth under Europe. This data was then used to see how the early mines related to the structural geology and to the stone rings in Europe.

I discovered that there is a strong correlation.


Why were the earliest civilisations (Gobelki Tepe and the mythical, but probably real, Atlantis) more advanced than later civilisations?

Did these early civilisations arise from flooded older civilisations? The old hoary question!


Were some modern civilisations, while being initially agricultural, kickstarted very early into rapid growth by metal mining and trading? This scenario happened in all ancient historical civilisations (Mesopotamia, Egypt, India) and more recently in North America, Australia, New Zealand and Southern Africa.


The close correlation, spatially and chronologically, of the oldest known civilisations with nearby mines with native copper probably kickstarting more advanced societies by the manufacture and trading of copper goods. This required labour and provided a surplus trading wealth.

2021-10-09 Summary Archaeology Mine relationship Bob Watchorn.jpg

Follow my research methodology and see how geology can give a window into our distant past.

Register for the Live Stream event.


Register for the Face-to-Face event.



Bob Watchorn

Bob Watchorn was born in Tasmania. He commenced as a geological assistant with Aberfoyle Tin at Rossarden in 1968. He gained an Associateship in Mining Geology at WASM, Kalgoorlie in 1972 and BSc in 1978 at Curtin University. He commenced work with WMC in 1971 in the nickel mines in Kambalda.
After working in the Kalgoorlie and Norseman gold mines he moved to Stawell playing an important role in restarting the mine. At Stawell he completed an MSc at University of Melbourne on the ‘Structural geology and mineralisation of Stawell goldfield’ under the mentorship of Professor Chris Wilson.
He was chief geologist of the large and geologically complex Mt Magnet and St Ives gold operations. After leaving WMC in 1999 he worked as a geological consultant on many Australian and overseas projects. He commenced structural research under excellent mentors Tim O’Driscoll and Pat McGeehan in the 1980s by experimenting with geophysical software to obtain the best detail out of images used in exploration.
This, combined with his extensive 3D structural knowledge, gained from 45 years underground and surface mapping, led to the point where exceptionable (real) detail could be obtained (for the first time) from many images. This forms the basis of his current research.

Date and Time

Thursday, 28 October 2021
6.00pm – 7.30pm (UTC+08:00)


AusIMM Member $0.00
Non Member $30.00
Register now

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