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Conference Proceedings

Australian Mine Ventilation Conference 2017

Conference Proceedings

Australian Mine Ventilation Conference 2017

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Study on coal wettability for dust suppression in the presence of surfactants by sink test

High concentrations of airborne coal particles is the main reason leading to health and safety hazards in underground coalmines. Water spray is one of the effective methods to suppress coal particles in mine sites, but the use of plain water is not effective enough to capture coal particles. By adding surfactants, coal wettability can be improved which will increase the coal dust suppression efficiency. In this study, a modified sink test was employed to evaluate coal wettability in the presence of two anionic surfactants: sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS). Sink rates were calculated by measuring sink weight over test time. Different surfactant concentrations (0.01percent, 0.05percent, 0.1percent, 0.2percent and 0.4percent) and two types of water (tap water and deionised water) were selected to investigate coal wettability over three size ranges (0-38, 53-75 and 75-90m). The results show that both SDS and SDBS surfactants can lower the water surface tension and improve coal wetting performance. Sink rates increased as the surfactant concentration increased, and surfactant solutions prepared by tap water performed better than deionised water in enhancing coal wettability. Also, coal wettability varied for different coal particle sizes; the smaller coal particles were, the worse the wettability they possessed.CITATION:Chen, Y,Xu, G, Wang, R and Albijanic, B, 2017. Study on coal wettability for dust suppression in the presence of surfactants by sink test, in Proceedings Australian Mine Vent Conference 2017, pp 105-110 (The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Melbourne).
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  • Published: 2016
  • PDF Size: 0.366 Mb.
  • Unique ID: P201704016

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