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Sixth International Mining Geology Conference

Conference Proceedings

Sixth International Mining Geology Conference

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Quantitive Geophysical Log Interpretation for Geotechnical and Geological Assessment of Coal Measure Rocks

Borehole geophysical logging data are routinely acquired during exploration of coal deposits in Australia. These data are commonly used qualitatively to identify and correlate coal seams and geotechnically significant interburden rock units. Some quantitative analysis, such as using sonic logs for rock strength estimation is becoming increasingly widespread. This paper discusses results from a project aimed at expanding the quantitative approach to more detailed mineralogical and lithological analysis, which leads to improved geotechnical characterisation for mine planning and mining hazard reduction._x000D_
A standard suite of wireline logs measuring density, natural gamma, sonic and neutron were analysed from three coal mines in the Bowen Basin. Thirty-nine samples from cored sections of the boreholes were analysed by X-ray diffraction, spectral gamma counts and hyperspectral scanning. Using a standard petrophysical approach to calculating porosity, shale and matrix components from a combination of density, natural gamma and neutron logs, a good correlation with observed mineralogy was demonstrated. However, unusual mineralogies such as heavy minerals or low-potassium clays may distort this analysis. Simultaneous evaluation of all available geophysical logs by modern data mining methods was able to show how these ambiguities may be solved._x000D_
FORMAL CITATION:Sliwa, R, Hatherly, P, Medhurst, T and Turner, R, 2006. Quantitative geophysical log interpretation for geotechnical and geological assessment of coal measure rocks, in Proceedings Sixth International Mining Geology Conference, pp 117-126 (The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Melbourne).
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  • Published: 2005
  • PDF Size: 0.781 Mb.
  • Unique ID: P200606014

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